Work to excavate the higher burials at Leicester Cathedral has now paused for Christmas, with the count currently at 87. We had hoped to have completed the excavation this year but there are at least a dozen more burials to lift and we will be back for a short time in the New Year to wrap things up. We now expect the final number of burials in this phase of work to exceed 100!
Two phases of burial are now visible and we have identified two more people by name (more on them in a later blog). The most recent burials, the early 19th-century graves are in neat rows aligned with the church. These have been dug through an earlier burial soil which contains 18th-century burials which are on a slightly different alignment. So far, our oldest dated burial is 1738, whilst our most recent is 1855.
But it isn’t the burials I want to focus on in this final post before Christmas. Instead I want to show you some of the artefacts being recovered from the excavation. Some may have originally been buried in individual graves but we are also finding that the soil in the grave yard is full of domestic refuse ranging in date from the Roman period to the 19th century. Some of this (the Roman material) is evidence of what was going on in this area of the town before St Martin’s was founded and gives us tantalising hints of what may be found during the main excavation next year. More recent material has probably come from the houses which surround the church, with the grave yard becoming a convenient open space for households to dump their refuse in the past!
Whilst this might sound rather disrespectful to the dead, as an archaeologist this domestic waste is invaluable. It will give us a fascinating insight into the people who used and lived around the graveyard, and provides crucial dateable information which will aid our efforts to unravel the chronology of the burials.
So, here is a gallery of our favourite finds so far. Descriptions of each object are in the captions. Have a Happy Christmas and we will be back in 2022 with more updates from our Leicester Cathedral excavation.